Santa cruz heckler sizing


2023.06.03 10:11 tidderscot FACT SHEETS FOR EDUCATORS

Digital technology in the early years: The importance of everyday learning opportunities to build young children’s digital technology skills

This factsheet will support early childhood professionals to:

As a co-author of the Early Childhood Australia (ECA) Statement on young children and digital technologies, can you explain the rationale for creating this statement? How can it support educator practice with regards to building children’s digital technology skills?

The ECA Statement on young children and digital technologies was created to support adults to make decisions about technology use ‘with, by and for’ young children. Increased recognition in the sector that young children use a range of technologies at home and in their communities, for playing, communicating and accessing online content, suggested that digital learning in early childhood settings was timely. The statement highlights four main areas of children’s learning and development: relationships, health and wellbeing, citizenship, and play and pedagogy. It also invites educators to think about how they understand technologies and the role of technologies in the lives of children and families.
This includes thinking about what is known as ‘philosophy of technology’ (Gibbons 2010). Philosophy of technology is a body of knowledge that proposes different ways of thinking about the relationship between people and technologies. Just as there are theories of play and learning that educators can refer to, there are philosophies of technology educators can draw on to think about using technologies with children. Three of the main philosophies of technology are technological determinism, substantivism and critical constructivism. Technological determinism is the most commonly held view. This view suggests that technologies cause or determine what happens to people. Some people hold a negative view of determinism: for example, thinking that technologies reduce the quality of children’s imaginative play. Other people hold a positive view of determinism, believing that technologies support children to communicate with others. Substantivism considers how technologies shape practices, or what people do in their daily lives over time. Critical constructivism posits that technologies are always designed and used by people according to human values. This view suggests that people can make active choices about how and why they use technologies that are relevant to their lives, such as people using videoconferencing during the pandemic to connect with family and friends.

The Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) refers to five Learning and Development Outcomes for children. Outcomes 4 and 5 explicitly mention the inclusion of digital technologies in children’s learning. What are some effective learning experiences that explore everyday opportunities to build children’s understanding and use of digital technologies?

Technologies are part of children’s lives; however, not all educators are comfortable with using technologies in children’s learning. Rather than focusing only on the technology in digital learning, think instead about the ways in which technology creates opportunities for meaning-making. For example, making meaning using technologies may involve taking photographs, creating videos or slideshows, co-sharing digital content, or coding with robotics. Meaning-making can also be about understanding how we live with and use technologies in our daily lives. Meaning-making for understanding does not have to involve using working technologies. Children can create their own non-working technologies from available materials (such as boxes, blocks or paper) to participate in sociodramatic play that provides opportunities for talking about how and why technologies are used. For example, children might make their own mobile phones and use these in their play to send messages to each other and take calls. Educators can help children in this play by inviting children to use technologies in ways that are respectful of relationships. Are the children having a pretend meal together? Can educators invite children to put their phones away while they eat? Or if children are taking pretend photographs of each other, educators can be sure to model asking for consent. Educators can also create representations of technologies that help children learn about the internet and how information and data are shared over a network: for example, using string to ‘connect’ non-working devices in a home or office corner to help children learn about the internet as a network of connected technologies. Children can ‘send’ messages, emails or content to each other as paper notes attached to the string. Educators can invite children to consider if they know who is sending them messages or where the content has come from. This provides children with an everyday opportunity to learn about the internet and safe online behaviours.

The VEYLDF states ‘Assessment is designed to discover what children know, understand, and can do’. What does this look like in terms of children’s trajectory of learning around digital technology? How might educators connect their observations of children engaging with digital technology to children’s learning and development across other domains?

Children are likely to follow a developmental trajectory when using technologies due to their experiences using technologies at home and in the community, with their family, friends and peers. Children’s experiences with technologies are variable and so they will come to early childhood education and care settings with a range of technological knowledge and skills. This can depend on the access children have to devices, reliable internet and opportunities for adult engagement during technological activity. Educators can observe how children build their capacity to use devices over time. This is important because some basic operational knowledge with technologies is required of children as they enter formal schooling. For example, do children know how to turn technologies on and off? Can children point, touch, swipe and resize using a tablet? Pre-school aged children may also exhibit technological language, such as download, upload, click and save, and will probably know the difference between still and moving images. This language helps children communicate and share information with other people, including family members and peers. When children use technologies, educators can also support connections with digital media or content that supports children’s identity. For example, which programs or games do children enjoy at home and how are these recognised in the classroom? This can be achieved by providing children with access to pretend technologies and apps, such as a cardboard box representing a touchscreen device, with cut-outs of their favourite applications. Other examples include learning about digital media interests alongside children, examining and sharing storylines, or providing opportunities for children to express digital media interests through more traditional play, such as box construction, drawing or painting. Using internet-connected technologies also provides opportunities for children and educators to access information to resource play and learning, such as through video content, or well-curated resources from reputable early learning providers in topic areas including science, mathematical thinking, history, music and visual or performing arts.

The VEYLDF identifies eight Practice Principles that illustrate the most effective ways for all early childhood professionals to support children's learning and development. One of these Practice Principles is ‘Partnerships with Families’. What are some effective strategies to engage families in discussions about digital technologies and young children?

Families are central to children’s learning and development. When educators engage in discussion about technologies with families, they can help adult caregivers facilitate positive digital learning opportunities for children at home. The VEYLDF states ‘Early childhood professionals … actively engage families and children in planning for ongoing learning and development in the service, at home and in the local community’ (VEYLDF, p. 9). Many organisations in Australia are involved in promoting and supporting young children’s safe and productive engagement with technologies, with tip sheets, videos, infographics and games. Educators can invite families to use these materials with children to explore topics such as staying safe online, being active with technologies, using technologies to support social relationships, and fostering children’s digital play.

What would be some final key messages for educators who want to support children’s digital skills and understanding?

Two key messages are important for educators thinking about supporting children’s digital skills and understandings. The first message is to start involving children in digital opportunities that feel achievable within the service. Not all services have access to technologies and not all educators feel comfortable using technologies with children. Programming can involve using non-working technologies in children’s play, such as using a block in pretend play as a mobile phone, or teachers creating representational technologies for children to use in the home corner (for example, printed life-size copies of tablet devices). Working technologies do not need to be complicated. While coding, robotics, digital microscopes and augmented reality provide highly engaging learning opportunities, children can also learn from educators modelling appropriate technology use on more accessible technologies, such as touchscreen: for example, by asking permission to take photographs or fact-checking information online. It may also be helpful for services to complete a technology audit – such as the eSafety checklist for early learning services – to see which technologies are available for children and where these might be integrated with ongoing learning opportunities in the service. For example, digital music can be incorporated into rest times, or children can be provided with opportunities to create digital drawings alongside traditional mark making.
The second message is to understand that young children today are part of a digital world. At any one time there are more than 8000 satellites around the earth that are sending and communicating information and data. It is becoming harder and harder to isolate children from technologies because so much of the world is now digital. It may be more helpful to think intentionally about supporting children to live within a digital world. The VEYLDF states ‘Early childhood professionals … use intentional teaching strategies that are always purposeful and may be pre-planned or spontaneous, to support achievement of well-considered and identified goals’ (VEYLDF, p. 15). This shifts the pedagogical focus from trying to keep children away from technologies to thinking about the purposeful use of technologies with children, allowing children to develop the knowledge and skills they require to participate in a digital world.

Questioning and listening

Asking questions and then listening to the answers can propel children’s learning, and it is this approach that is at the heart of an inquiry model. Questioning and listening are essential in any learning relationship, and they are both part of an active process where you do not just listen and question children but also interpret, respond to and make meaning of their thinking and learning processes.
The pedagogical strategy of listening can provide educators with a new framework in which to consider their role in children’s learning and development. When educators look deeply at what holds children’s attention, the result is that children and adults are able to recognise capabilities and qualities in each other.
Do not always rely on asking questions and trying to provoke answers as a way of engaging with children. Educators who give children the time, space and resources to think long and deeply are often rewarded with rich responses.
‘The right question at the right time can move children to peaks in their thinking that result in significant steps forward and real intellectual excitement. Although it is almost impossible for an adult to know exactly the right time to ask a specific question of a specific child – especially for a teacher who is concerned with 30 or more children – children can raise the right question for themselves if the setting is right.’ (Millikan, et al 2014, p. 69)
The value of questioning cannot be overstated, particularly when working with a pedagogy of inquiry. You need to consider what directions you are leading children with your questions, as well as what type of questions you ask children. Are they ‘thick’ questions or ‘thin’ questions? That is, are they questions that are open ended and encourage children to think broadly or do they close off children’s thinking?

Wonder and uncertainty

Wonder and uncertainty are necessary dispositions for learning. Both of these dispositions are considered important when working with a pedagogy of inquiry. As Moss says, ‘Such learning is also more likely to happen and be welcomed when wonder or amazement are valued’ (Moss 2019, p. 74).
Rich learning opportunities can happen when you include these dispositions in your daily practice. This is not a closed-off, linear way of working but rather one that allows you to remain open to the ideas of children, their families and your colleagues.
When you work with dispositions of wonder and uncertainty, it encourages a flexible way of thinking and working in which hypotheses might be made but are also subject to change. This is not an approach that has pre-determined outcomes.

Top tips for working with a pedagogy of inquiry

This fact sheet was developed by the Early Years Unit at VCAA

This fact sheet was developed by the Early Years Unit at the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) and supports information presented in the VCAA on-demand webinar ‘A pedagogy of inquiry to support integrated teaching and learning approaches’. Watch A pedagogy of inquiry to support integrated teaching and learning approaches webinar video.


Duckworth, E 1996, The having of wonderful ideas and other essays on teaching and learning, Teachers College Press, New York
Edwards, C, Gandini, L and Forman, G (eds.) 2012, The Hundred Languages of Children: The Reggio Emilia Experience in Transformation, 3rd edn, Praeger, Santa Barbera
Moss, P 2019, Alternative Narratives in Early Childhood, Routledge, Oxfordshire
Touhill, L 2012, ‘Inquiry-based Learning’, NQS PLP e-Newsletter, No. 45

Using the VEYLDF to inform your practice

As part of the Education and Care Services National Law (National Law) and the National Quality Standards, the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) is an approved learning framework. As an approved learning framework, it has the potential to make you a better educator and your practice more contemporary.
The VEYLDF allows us to reflect on learning and development outcomes for children. As educators, we can reflect on our own practice in supporting all children by considering if our work aligns with the Practice Principles. The VEYLDF provides us opportunities to inform our pedagogical decisions and to critique or challenge our existing practices.
The VEYLDF also provides a shared language and understanding for all early childhood professionals and can inform conversations with families, colleagues and other professionals working with young children.

Additional resources that might be useful

Download copies of VCAA early years resources.
Keep up to date with new resources and professional learning opportunities by subscribing to the VCAA Early Years Alert.
A pedagogy of inquiry to support integrated teaching and learning approaches
Download the fact sheet

‘The hands lead us to learning’: Enhancing and extending children’s fine motor development through playful learning experiences

This fact sheet is for educators who want to better understand:


Children’s fine motor skill development – that is, their ability to use their hands – is strongly connected to their play.
Infants’ efforts at motor control commence early. An example of this is the infant who actively reaches towards the face of a person who is physically close to them and engaged in a responsive and attuned relationship with them; the adult, carer or older sibling is perhaps smiling and ‘cooing’ while they are focusing their gaze on the face of the child, who reaches out towards their face.
We understand, in general terms, that the progression of motor development occurs from the centre of the body to the periphery, known as proximodistal progression, or from larger motor control to finer movements. However, over time we have gained a more balanced and nuanced understanding of motor development and we can now see early fine motor development before trunk control is consolidated. Gross motor development leading to core stability and support remains foundational, but earlier attention is now given to fine motor endeavours of infants, with an appreciation that ‘the hands lead us to to learning’.
We understand that gross motor development and fine motor development occur simultaneously and in the context of responsive relationships and purposeful learning spaces. Adults engaging in contingent and attuned interactions with infants provide ‘serve and return’ opportunities and rich responsive learning experiences. Children actively engage, using their growing fine motor dexterity and strength alongside their learning in other developmental domains such as language and cognitive capabilities. It is the interplay between these supportive relationships and children’s growing capabilities that fosters children’s wellbeing. This is now understood to increase the likelihood that infants will confidently explore their world and this exploration is in large part through their hands.

Can you explain the relationship between gross motor skill development and fine motor skill development? How does one support the other?

When we consider that gross motor skill development and fine motor skill development occur simultaneously, we can see the importance of early childhood professionals providing positive and responsive interactions and relationships throughout the day. The way the early childhood professional engages with the infant or young child provides opportunities to progress development.
The early childhood professional who ensures regular ‘tummy time’ is providing opportunity for infants to strengthen muscles, leading to greater core stability. This core stability is foundational to the later skills of sitting up, crawling and walking. These are important skills indeed, however, there is a need to balance this ‘tummy time’ with opportunities for the infant to be positioned on their back, or in a supported sitting position, where they are freely able to explore with their hands.
Thinking of fine motor development at its beginning stages helps us to actively create opportunities for children to explore with their hands. This in turn promotes children’s sense of agency and wellbeing, which is often associated with using their hands. The more children actively do, the more they feel that they can build, create, explore and express themselves.
We are often quite mindful of assessing children’s physical skills progression. Learning experiences, including playful routine times, provide golden opportunities to assess children’s sequential fine motor development from reaching and releasing, from palmer grasping to pincer gripping and so on. Progression along trajectories of learning (including motor skill learning) becomes apparent and provides the basis for tailored learning experiences.
It is important to consider children who require additional support with gross and fine motor skills. Thoughtful planning ensures we set up environments in which all children can feel confident in developing their gross and fine motor skills and feel a sense of agency and control. As we delight in their endeavours, with thoughtful planning we can build children’s sense of wellbeing, identity and connection to their world. Children become able to confidently explore and engage with social and physical environments through relationships and play.

What kind of playful fine motor learning experiences should educators consider when setting up early learning environments for children three to five years old? What are some effective playful strategies for supporting fine motor development?

Three to five years is a fabulous age for more complex play scenarios, with children using multiple learning domains simultaneously and in increasingly sophisticated ways. Again, ‘the hands lead us to learning’ and this is expressed in so much more than just writing and drawing. Indeed, children are extending and consolidating an increasing range of skills at this age.
The work of researchers Susan Knox (2008), and Karen Stagnitti and Louise Jellie (2006), can be used here to consider planning for play in reference to four elements: Space management, Materials management, Pretend play and Participation. This research, while based in occupational therapy, aligns well with the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) and places children’s wellbeing at the centre of play. Practitioners are encouraged to consider how to promote participation by all children, inclusive of all abilities, through careful consideration of the environment, materials and pretend-play opportunities. This research provides a thorough and holistic view of children’s learning, recognising that children bring increasing cognition, language, social skills, fine motor development, creativity and agency to their play. Child-led play is key, but the educator must also consider how to promote play opportunities that take children beyond their most frequented play spaces. This requires a more creative use of learning environments, inviting children to participate in spaces and skills they may not have previously sought out independently.
One example is to set up a restaurant, where children are invited to navigate the space and engage with a variety of fine motor skills during a complex pretend-play scenario. This embeds learning in meaningful ways, with multiple learning areas at play. Children can take on various characters while engaging, negotiating and problem-solving. Fine motor skills are practised purposefully as children take written orders, write or draw a menu, cut up paper to make money, set up a cash register, dress up as waiters, pour drinks, prepare food and set up tables. The opportunities are endless and can be tailored to children’s interest and skills to provide challenge, practice and delight. For example, bi-manual skills are promoted in this scenario when opening containers and stirring bowls of food, where hands undertake different tasks at once – one hand holding and stabilising while the other hand turns or stirs.
Educators need only a creative mind in planning for all four elements, and the learning opportunities are endless (‘Early childhood professionals … use intentional teaching strategies that are always purposeful and may be pre-planned or spontaneous, to support achievement of well considered and identified goals’ [VEYLDF p. 15]). Inclusive thinking may see this play space provided outdoors, inviting in children who may be less likely to engage indoors (intentional support strategies also promote equitable participation in play for all children and meaningful ways to demonstrate learning [VEYLDF p. 12]).
A creative and inclusive approach asks us to consider the environment in numerous ways, offering a wide variety of materials, setting up play spaces that invite self-management and challenge, and following the increasingly complex play scripts or pretend-play scenarios of young children.

What are some everyday routines for children that might provide opportunities for supporting fine motor development?

Routines and transition times offer a wealth of fine motor experience and abundant opportunities for promoting children’s agency and self-responsibility. Additionally, they are highly repetitive daily experiences – treasures for practising fine motor skills. Encouraging independent skill development during these times, with warmth and high expectations for children, can turn a range of daily tasks into important learning rituals.
These rituals connect children to their peers and to their space, building confidence, connection and wellbeing. Children’s active participation provides many and varied fine motor movements at different times, such as taking care of their belongings at entry and departure times, dressing and undressing, setting up for meals, toileting and setting up play or rest areas.
Regular communication with families allows the progression in children’s skills to be shared between educators and families. This can reveal collaborative opportunities across home and the early years setting, and align our expectations for children. Playful and routine practice opportunities abound, with partnership between educators and families building children’s confidence and capacities (VEYLDF p. 9).

‘To play or not to play’: The role of the adult in understanding and collaborating in children’s play

This fact sheet is for educators who want to better understand:

When we think about play within the early learning context, we often think of it as being ‘fun’ and occurring naturally – it is often referred to as being universally understood. Is this the case, or is it more complicated than that?

Children’s play encompasses many ways of being and becoming. Play is linked to fun, but this is just one way of being and does not speak to the complexity of play. Fun is fleeting. Parts of play can be joyful, frustrating, exciting, annoying, challenging, hilarious and, at times, uncomfortable. Play includes many emotions and experiences. Sometimes children are excluded from other children’s play – is this fun? What children are doing in play is complex – navigating limbs, expressing ideas, listening to others, creating novel worlds and negotiating with peers. Therefore, the emotions and feelings that children experience are varied.
Children are experimenting with and expressing their worlds, and the collaborative activity of play requires many skills. Ebbeck and Waniganayake (2016) tell us that in play ‘children are constructing an identity – who they are, what they know and what their joys and fears are, as well as their sense of belonging to a family and a community’ (p. 3). This understanding captures the richness of play, which is not limited to one way of being. Seeing children’s play as multifaceted allows educators to holistically understand children in the early childhood context.
Play is a universal activity that children engage in, as reflected in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC, 1989). But while there are similarities that occur in children’s play across the world, when we look at and hear what children are doing and expressing in their play, we see that it is also informed by their culture. For example, in dramatic play, being ‘Bluey’ or making cakes in the sand pit are activities that are directly taken from the child’s day-to-day culture. The people, places, objects, practices and rituals in the child’s culture fuel their play, and play is thus an expression that reflects the culture the play is taking place within.
Children bring into the early childhood setting individual, family and community experiences that reflect their culture, giving educators a rich tapestry to understand the child’s perspective of their world. Roopnarine’s (2011) quote is helpful to understand the links between play and culture: ‘A fundamental problem with universal claims about play is that they basically ignore contrasting realities of childhood experiences and cultural forces that may help shape caregivers ideas about play and early learning, and children’s role in their own play.’ (p. 20)

Given that there are many different theories that inform our approaches to children’s learning and development, does the role of the adult vary in supporting children’s development in play?

Theories can inform teaching practice, as being able to hold other ideas and perspectives allows us to see things differently. Theory is helpful for understanding the world around us, and in the early childhood education and care (ECEC) context, theories can inform and change our practice.
Developmental theories are varied and vast, and contemporary framings have become quite different from the more foundational knowledge, reflecting the diversity of our societies. The field is not stuck on linear and fixed stages. Practitioners work with the children in their care, taking into consideration their contexts, environments and families, and using various theories and research to inform their practice.
Teaching practice varies, and theory and research can assist educators’ practice. For example, contemporary theories remind us that children’s play is not simply something that happens naturally; these theories consider group dynamics, equity, social justice, advantage and disadvantage, and the way power moves between the players. They also explore the ways that understanding children’s lives outside the early childhood setting can inform teaching and program planning. Contemporary theories can open us up to other views, and while many of these have existed for a very long time, they haven’t always been prioritised to think about children, context, difference and learning.

How can we ensure that the play opportunities we create for children help build collaborative and reciprocal relationships between adult and child?

The following diagram from page 15 of the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) shows the three aspects of integrated teaching and learning, and holds great clues about the educator’s role in children’s play.
This diagram can be used by educators and teams to reflect on their practice. Guided play and learning prioritise the educator responding to spontaneous learning opportunities. Reciprocal two-way exchanges create a balance of children guiding adults, and adults guiding children in dialogue and action. This becomes an improvisation that follows unknown paths, opening up opportunities to collaborate by creating something that did not exist before. When adults are playful with children, multiple perspectives are valued in the collaborative space.
Thinking of educators as co-contributors to the creative process of play speaks to the notion of responding to children’s interests. However, it is useful to adapt this slightly to instead think about responding to the child’s learning. Interests can be transient and surface-level; focusing on children’s learning is more expansive and process-orientated, as learning involves both thinking and enacting through play. This way of working asks educators to respond to spontaneous opportunities that arise, and play affords this responsive practice. Play is a relational activity between children and place, children and objects, children and children, and between children and adults.
Educators are respectfully cognisant of not wanting to take over too much control of children’s play, and when they improvise with children, finding a balance of following and leading, they can incorporate multiple children’s ideas and wonderings in the embodied play narratives. When teachers make use of children’s expertise, it supports children’s agency as their decisions influence the current events within the play. The playful interactions between the educator and children are fluid and unpredictable, mirroring drama pedagogue’s use of an improvised inquiry. Of course, we would not advocate that the educator enters children’s play all the time; this does not align philosophically with play and the ECEC context. However, at times, being a co-player with children speaks to a responsive pedagogy where creative collaborations can occur in play.

What is the relationship between play and learning?

When adults engage in play with children, they can incorporate formative assessment to develop their understandings of the children and inform their planning. Socio-dramatic play is one way children express their imagination. When educators are with children, they are hearing and seeing children’s imaginations enacted, giving rich information about their learning. In play, children are also blocking out other distractions to problem-solve in the moment, and taking on other perspectives, both from other players and in their own role-play. These are all skills that are linked to our executive function, which is the ‘process of how we learn’ (Yogman et al. 2018, p. 6).
When educators are respectfully engaging with children in play, they are part of the collaboration, co-creating something that is novel and only exists between the people in this activity. If educators are only observing from the outside, how can they understand this process? When educators are part of children’s play, they are in the heart of the learning, and it can open up opportunities for understanding children’s working theories and learning processes. What the educator notes when they engage in the play can be documented as part of the planning cycle, and analysed so that understanding the child’s learning within play is extended through planning.
submitted by tidderscot to u/tidderscot [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 07:25 UnreliablyReliable I buying my first MTB and want a HT but can’t find right one.

I’m new to mountain biking and have ridden both a full suspension and a hard tail. The full suspension was nice but being a road rider, I loved the HT — crushing flats and uphills with the lighter bike - obviously the downhills suffered with my lack of experience on the HT, the FS I could just send it and not think twice.
I’m super in love with the Yeti Arc, but, after reading various posts, it almost sounds ridiculous to spend $4k+ new or at least $2.8k used on a bike when that could net me a very nice FS. Hell I could almost buy one of each for the price of one Arc.
Other HTs I’ve looked at: - Cannondale Habit - Specialized Fuse - Specialized Epic HT - Nukeproof Scout - Bianchi Magma - Santa Cruz Chameleon - Salsa Rangefinder
The issue with most brands is that they offer a HT with cheaper components between the $500-$3K range and I’m thinking I can get a pretty good FS bike at the upper end of that as well and then when you add in the Yeti at $4k+ it begs would I even spend that?
On the other hand, the Yeti Arc has solid components, good front travel (for what I’m riding), love the design, and a stellar warranty.
What are y’alls thoughts? Buy a used hardtail since it’s my first mtb anyways so it doesn’t matter? Go the FS route and have a more versatile bike? Buy the bike I like even though it’s way way overpriced? Buy a cheaper bike (e.g. Habit and swap better parts on)?
Also curious for those who are HT fans, if $$$ weren’t and issue which HT would you buy / other HT I should consider?
Other notes: - I play to upgrade my road bike before buying a second mtb - I’m in great shape so not worries about HT fatigue - I want a bike I can grow into and ride for several seasons before either getting a HT because I got a FS or vice versa, I will own a HT one day, just should it be the first day?
submitted by UnreliablyReliable to MTB [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 07:09 Ilovetacos2022 Why is one seat bigger (Uppababy vista)?..

Why is one seat bigger (Uppababy vista)?..
My baby is 10 month old. The ad says the blue is the original baby seat? So if I buy an Alta or a Cruz on Gumtree, will the seat be the size of the blue one or the grey one?
submitted by Ilovetacos2022 to BabyBumpsandBeyondAu [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 06:44 MightNumerous V1 bronson upgrade vs new bike

I need your advise!! I live in Colorado and ride 2 x week during mtb session. I love hard climbs and prefer flowy downhills but often find myself on steep, rocky, rough downhills.
I ride a V1 (2014) santa cruz bronson. It's pretty much stock and can feel like a pogo stick on rocky terrain. And the rockies are pretty dang rocky.
What would you do? Upgrade the old bronson or buy a new bike? I can afford a new bike but I like the idea of improving what I have.
I also think 29 vs 27.5 might be better for me.
I'm not going to stop mnt biking any time soon.
Come at me with your thoughts!
submitted by MightNumerous to mountainbiking [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 06:24 brasilimpobot Lista dos artigos mais revisados por brasileiros na Wikipédia. Quase tudo futebol, mas eis que...

Lista dos artigos mais revisados por brasileiros na Wikipédia. Quase tudo futebol, mas eis que... submitted by brasilimpobot to brasilimpoAlt [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 05:59 Humprdink best strings for 12 fret guitar?

I have a Taylor 812ce which is a 12-fret with a shorter scale length. I'm trying to find strings I like and am wondering if there are certain types that are better for this type of guitar.
I have Santa Cruz low tension strings on atm but feel like they're lacking bass.
Edit: my playstyle is mainly fingerstyle and light strumming
submitted by Humprdink to AcousticGuitar [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 05:57 PlenitudeOpulence Two men get arrested at gun point in Santa Cruz

Two men get arrested at gun point in Santa Cruz submitted by PlenitudeOpulence to worldnewsvideo [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 04:56 2012Incorporated LUCIDO presenta el tema "Círculos"

LUCIDO presenta el tema
La banda boliviana de Grunge - Punk LUCIDO con sede en Santa Cruz lanzó el 31 de diciembre del 2022 la canción "Círculos".
Lee mas en
Lúcido es Alejo Mnz (bajo), Ibi Youñes (guitarra principal, coros) y Oscar Barja (voz, guitarra).
submitted by 2012Incorporated to Punk2012 [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 04:21 JCFalkenberglll U.S. Navy battleship USS South Dakota (BB-57) firing her anti-aircraft guns at attacking Japanese planes during the Battle of Santa Cruz, 26 October 1942. A Japanese Type 97 Nakajima B5N2 torpedo plane ("Kate") is visible at right, apparently leaving the area after having dropped its torpedo. Offi

U.S. Navy battleship USS South Dakota (BB-57) firing her anti-aircraft guns at attacking Japanese planes during the Battle of Santa Cruz, 26 October 1942. A Japanese Type 97 Nakajima B5N2 torpedo plane ( submitted by JCFalkenberglll to WW2info [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 02:27 Bulky_Ad_4390 Not pictured/ laundry detergent, peanuts, and some chips I already ate. $50

Not pictured/ laundry detergent, peanuts, and some chips I already ate. $50 submitted by Bulky_Ad_4390 to whatsinyourcart [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 02:22 Oldtimer_2 Santa Cruz County launches a new emergency alert system 'CruzeAware'

Santa Cruz County launches a new emergency alert system 'CruzeAware' submitted by Oldtimer_2 to santacruz [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 01:53 MovingUpTheLadder UW Madison vs UCSC

I love in Southern California. I was initially planning to go to UC Santa Cruz for Applied Mathematics. But recently I got off the waitlist for UW Madison data science major. My aunt lives in Wisconsin, so it looks like a fantastic opportunity.
Is UCSC applied math vs UW Madison Data Science program worth the 20K difference in fees yearly? Has anyone went to either university and can compare them. Obviously, UCSC is ranked lower than UW Madison in the US News, and I would go to UW Madison if cost wasn't an issue, but is it worth the difference in fees?
submitted by MovingUpTheLadder to ApplyingToCollege [link] [comments]

2023.06.03 00:23 foamnoodle Lista dos artigos mais editados por brasileiros na Wikipedia

Lista dos artigos mais editados por brasileiros na Wikipedia submitted by foamnoodle to futebol [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 23:36 lostcoastline44 Possibly looking for a new bike

I currently have a Kona Big Honzo and I want to upgrade to a 29er. I’m a bigger guy so I feel the 29 would help me a lot. Yes I know the honzo could swap to a 29 and that’s one of my options but the bike feels like a major lug going up hill and was at least looking for some insight on if throwing 29s on it would make it any better for climbing.
The trails I usually ride are a solid 50/50 mix of uphill pedaling and downhill so something that pedals nice uphill would be nice but I do still like the flow of downhill so I’d sacrifice a little of the uphill if need be. I usually ride about 12 miles every time I go. I might occasionally go to a local downhill park but not often; maybe once or twice a year if that. Price range is about $2,000 US and was mostly looking at hardtail but I’d heavily consider a good quality full squish in the $2500 range. The bikes I’ve been eyeing the most are the Nukeproof Scout, Santa Cruz Chameleon, or the Devinci Kobain. Any help is much appreciated!
submitted by lostcoastline44 to MTB [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 22:55 agency4711 Riassunto sulla storia del Brasile

La storia del Brasile è ricca e complessa, e raccontarla in soli 10.000 parole richiede una sintesi accurata. Di seguito troverai un riassunto dei principali eventi storici del Brasile, dalle origini precolombiane fino ai giorni nostri.

Il Brasile precolombiano:
Le prime tracce di insediamenti umani nel territorio brasiliano risalgono a migliaia di anni fa, con popolazioni indigene come gli indios che vivevano nell'Amazzonia e nelle regioni costiere. Queste civiltà svilupparono culture complesse e furono colpite dagli europei con l'arrivo di Pedro Álvares Cabral nel 1500.

Colonizzazione portoghese:
Il Brasile fu colonizzato dai portoghesi, che istituirono la colonia di "Terra di Santa Cruz". Il Paese divenne una colonna portante dell'Impero portoghese, con l'economia basata sulla coltivazione della canna da zucchero e l'utilizzo degli schiavi africani. Nel 1808, il re Giovanni VI del Portogallo trasferì la corte reale a Rio de Janeiro a causa dell'invasione napoleonica in Europa.

Indipendenza e Impero:
Nel 1822, il principe Dom Pedro dichiarò l'indipendenza del Brasile dal Portogallo e divenne l'imperatore Pedro I del Brasile. Durante il periodo imperiale, furono sviluppati nuovi settori economici, come l'industria del caffè e la produzione di gomma nell'Amazzonia. Tuttavia, il regime imperiale fu caratterizzato da conflitti interni e instabilità politica.

Abolizione della schiavitù e repubblica:
Nel 1888, la schiavitù fu abolita, ponendo fine a una delle istituzioni più disumane della storia brasiliana. Nel 1889, l'impero fu rovesciato e la repubblica fu proclamata. Tuttavia, la transizione verso la repubblica fu segnata da conflitti politici e sociali, come la guerra di Canudos e la rivolta della Marina.

Periodo Vargas:
Tra gli anni '30 e '40, il Brasile fu guidato da Getúlio Vargas, che impose un governo autoritario noto come "Estado Novo". Durante il suo mandato, furono attuati importanti cambiamenti sociali ed economici, tra cui la promulgazione della legge del lavoro, che garantiva i diritti dei lavoratori. Tuttavia, Vargas fu deposto nel 1945 a seguito di un movimento militare.

Democrazia e sviluppo economico:
Negli anni successivi, il Brasile attraversò periodi di instabilità politica, con governi civili e militari alternati. Negli anni '90, il Paese si impegnò nella democratizzazione e nell'apertura economica, attirando investimenti stranieri e promuovendo lo sviluppo economico. Il Brasile divenne una delle principali economie emergenti del mondo, nonostante le sfide di disuguaglianza sociale, corruzione e violenza.

XXI secolo e oltre:
Il Brasile ha ospitato importanti eventi internazionali, come la Coppa del Mondo FIFA del 2014 e le Olimpiadi del 2016, che hanno attirato l'attenzione globale sul Paese. Tuttavia, il Brasile deve ancora affrontare sfide significative, come la deforestazione dell'Amazzonia, la povertà, l'insicurezza e la disuguaglianza sociale.

In questa sintesi della storia del Brasile, abbiamo coperto gli eventi principali che hanno plasmato il Paese, dalla colonizzazione portoghese all'indipendenza, dall'era imperiale alla repubblica, fino ai giorni nostri. La storia del Brasile è caratterizzata da un mix di influenze culturali, lotte per i diritti umani, sviluppo economico e sfide persistenti. Oggi, il Brasile continua a cercare il proprio cammino verso un futuro di progresso, inclusione e stabilità.
submitted by agency4711 to u/agency4711 [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 22:06 eraldopontopdf Lista dos artigos mais revisados por brasileiros na Wikipédia. Quase tudo futebol, mas eis que...

Lista dos artigos mais revisados por brasileiros na Wikipédia. Quase tudo futebol, mas eis que... submitted by eraldopontopdf to brasil [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 21:02 Lazy-Teaching-2861 Restaurant Recommendations for Graduation

What are some good fancy restaurants in Santa Cruz that I can go to after graduation ceremony with my family?
submitted by Lazy-Teaching-2861 to UCSC [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 20:27 kyosheru Spare/Temp tire from a Hyundai Santa Cruz - N Emerson/N Vancouver

Spare/Temp tire from a Hyundai Santa Cruz - N Emerson/N Vancouver submitted by kyosheru to PDXBuyNothing [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 20:10 PeakRecent3295 Lead singer opens with "we didn't want to come" Thoughts?

When I went to the show in Santa Cruz I was super excited and had been looking forward to it for a few months listening to their music daily. When the show finally cam around after the first song the lead singer says to the crowd "we really didn't want to come tonight but we had to, because we just had to" Then leaves it at that, really the only thing he said all night. I knew in advance they were on the tail end of a long and jam packed tour, so I can empathize with them that I'm sure they are very tired and probably just want to go home, but I don't know it didn't sit great with me. Granted I was on a large dose of mushrooms during it, but it sort of tainted my veiw and experience of the rest of the concert. I'm curious if anyone else was at the Santa Cruz show and if you viewed it like I did or differently, or if anyone else at any other shows had anything like that happen. Am I thinking to much into it? I just thought it was a weird thing to announce to the crowd and lowered the vibe. It made me think a little less of the lead singer who I had elevated so high in my head as I learned more about him and their music. Let me know what you all think.
submitted by PeakRecent3295 to petercatrecordingco [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 19:27 santa-cruz-ca Fire helicopter over Santa Cruz Gardens

Fire helicopter over Santa Cruz Gardens
Came up the valley from Chaminade and is now working south.
submitted by santa-cruz-ca to santacruz [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 18:57 donsegaipme Wiper Motor Replacement

Has anyone else had to have their windshield wiper motor replaced? I got my Santa Cruz brand new off of the lot early February. About mid April my wipers started to stop in the middle of the windshield but would move the full range of motion. Gradually they have gotten higher and higher to the point where they stop straight up now.
I took it to Hyundai yesterday and after 8 hours the diagnosis was that my wiper motor had gone out. Thankfully it’s covered by warranty, I’m just shocked this has happened for a car that has been driven for 4 months. I’m genuinely just curious if anyone else has experienced this?
submitted by donsegaipme to hyundaisantacruz [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 18:44 Potatomasher81 Starting my skateboarding journey [41YO]

Starting my skateboarding journey [41YO]
After getting into longboarding last year, I now have 2 longboards and a mini cruiser (dinghy). I now want to learn to ollie and skate ramps 🤙I love santa cruz so this was a no brainer, although I will swap the bearings and maybe the wheels later on.
submitted by Potatomasher81 to OldSkaters [link] [comments]